The day Telangana broke the shackles of Banchan. Indian Army Bandook Bandhuai.. The day Nizam died. With the armed struggle of peasants.. the day the state breathed the gases of freedom. September 17 is not the only sentiment. It also has a history. There is an uphill battle for the Roma. There are heroic stories of the people of Telangana who revolted against the misdeeds of Nizam Razakar. After Operation Polo, what actually happened on September 17?

Independence of Telangana..operation polo: The day Telangana broke the shackles of Banchan. Indian Army Bandook Bandhuai. The day Nizam died. With the armed struggle of peasants.. the day the state breathed the gases of freedom. September 17 is not the only sentiment. It also has a history. There is an uphill battle for the Roma. There are heroic stories of the people of Telangana who revolted against the misdeeds of Nizam Razakar. After Operation Polo, what actually happened on September 17?

On August 15, 1947, India gained independence from British rule. All parts of the country are breathing the air of freedom in self-governance. However. Telangana was still under the rule of Nizam. This region continues to suffer due to the atrocities, atrocities, and acts of the Nizam’s private army, the Rajakars. To get rid of their suffering.. the rebellion started. In all areas.. at whose level they started fighting.

The activists who are participating in the Telangana armed peasant struggle.. Rajakars have started oppressing them. Hundreds of people were massacred. As the exploits of the Razakars became excessive, the then Indian Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ordered police action. So.. 13 months and 2 days after the independence of India.. Telangana breathed the gases of freedom. With Operation Polo undertaken by the Indian Government, Nizam’s rule in the Hyderabad state was put to an end. The last Nizam.. Mir Osman Ali Khan surrendered to the Indian government and Hyderabad State merged into the Indian Union.. Telangana broke the shackles of Banchan.. and breathed free air.

However.. a lot happened behind the scenes before Operation Polo. Nizam made several attempts to keep Hyderabad as an independent country. As with the British government, he was ready to make an agreement to maintain the status quo in the Indian government. Due to this.. the Indian army can stay in the city just like the British troops are in Hyderabad. However, Qasim Razvi, the head of the Razakars, opposed the Nizam’s decision. In other words. He did as much as revolted against the Nizam himself. The Nizam who bowed to Rajvi’s pressure made a condition that the Indian army should not be in Hyderabad. According to that.. if the affairs of foreign affairs, defense, and communication are omitted for a year. Nizam will have full powers over Hyderabad.

However. Nizam started violating the stand still agreement. He wrote strategies for a long war with India. He is ready to supply arms on a large scale from abroad. He also secretly gave a loan of one crore fifty lakh pounds to Pakistan. Knowing this, the Indian government has diplomatically put pressure on the respective countries and prevented them. With this, he tried to procure weapons through Sydney Cotton, an Australian agent. By August 1948, some modern weapons had arrived in Hyderabad. There is no time to train. Already.. as the Indian army rushed in with Operation Polo.. the Nizam’s army surrendered with little resistance.

Operation Polo began on 13 September 1948. The Indian army captured the Naldurg fort on the main road of Solapur, Pune, and Nagpur and marched towards Hyderabad. Another force of rifles came from Vijayawada. Near Suryapet… a fierce fight took place between Rajakars and Indian soldiers. The Rajakars blew up the Musi Bridge before the Indian Army could reach Hyderabad. Within two hours, the army restored that route and traveled to Hyderabad. More forces entered the city from the Kurnool side. Just.. within four days the Indian Army surrounded Hyderabad from almost all sides. With this. Nizam fell in self-defense. On September 16, he imposed prohibitory orders and announced a blackout in the city. He arranged a vigil with Rajakars so that no one came out of the houses. In the midst of these arrests, police action began in Hyderabad on the morning of September 17. There was nothing to do.. Nizam came down.. and agreed to merge the Hyderabad state into India.

As the merger of the Hyderabad state with India was almost certain, Syed Qasim Razvi, the leader of the Rajakars and the savage, realized that if he stayed here, he would surely die at the hands of the people. With this, he tried unsuccessfully to flee to Pakistan. In the early morning of September 16, 1948, Cotton, an Australian agent selling arms, wanted to reach Pakistan by plane. But the plane took off without taking Rajvi, who reached the airbase in Hakimpet. Rajvi ran on the runway to get it to no avail. After this episode, the Indian Army arrested Qasim Razvi at the MIM headquarters in Darussalam, Hyderabad. In 1950, he was sentenced to seven years imprisonment in various cases. After serving the sentence.. Qasim Razvi who came to Hyderabad.. handed over the post of MIM president to Abdul Waheed Owaisi.. left for Pakistan on 11 September 1957. In 1970, Razvi died anonymously in Karachi.

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